- 01:- LIQUID GALLIUM
It is nicknamed “the tiny element”. Though gallium occurs in both solid and liquid states. One of its distinguished facts is that, it melts just by holding it in your palm. The 30°C heat from your hand is enough just for that. This has amazed scientists in their researchs.
Chemist Yihica Gao of the National Institute For Material Science in Tsukuba, Japan. He accidentally discovered that liquid gallium can measure very high temperatures from 50°C to 500°C. Now It’s the world’s smallest thermometer. With length of 0.01 of human hair.
For you to read the temperature by this thermometric fluid you should use a very powerful microscope. In the near future it will replace mercury in thermometers. Though now its widely used in nuclear industries.
Though little is known about this element. This laboratory made, industrial synthesized element still amazes scientists. It can’t be obtained by normal/natural processes. What’s known is that it has the shortest lifespan as an element. Only lasts to maximum of 17 seconds after being made in the laboratory.
Leave alone the common uses of titanium you may know. Such as manufacturing car parts, transparent cement. The saying that “two are better than one” is true.
When Nickel combines with titanium it forms an amazing combination of elements. The nickel-titanium wire, discovered by Naval Ordinance labs, was nicknamed nitinol wire or “the remembering element”. It has ability to remember its shape when deformed or after being compressed.
It’s used in repairing broken or twisted glasses to their original shape. The wire is usually heated in hot water to form its most compact shape. At the same time the desired output shape is put in the mixture.
When the mixture gets cooled from the very high temperatures. The desired shape is formed as the nitinol wire in the mixture rearranges its atoms hence forming the desired shape.
When you encounter this elements one day you won’t believe your eyes. Due to the astonishing mechanisms and characters they show.